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Daylight & Architecture

Resurrected from the ruins -
Terraced houses in Sesto San Giovanni

Architects Gino Guarnieri and Roberto Mascazzini have erected a chameleonlike terrace of houses in Milan’s northeastern suburb of Sesto San Giovanni. Gabions cover the majority of the facades and roof whereas on the north and south sides of each home, a broad strip of copper sheeting stretches from the building’s base upwards beyond the gutter line. Windows seem almost entirely absent at first glance, with the exception of the roof windows that supply the rooms on the uppermost floor with daylight. On the northern side, a combination of roof and facade windows offers residents an excellent view over a nearby landscaped park. 
A closer look at the houses reveals that their intelligent construction has much in common with that of traditional residential homes in the north of Italy. Mechanically operated folding shutters can be opened in the copper cladding, revealing generously sized windows and glazed terrace doors. When open, these shutters protect the residents from the scorching summer sun as well as from the rain. The massive external walls of the houses act as a thermal buffer that keeps the daytime heat out of the rooms in summer.
Both the shape and materials of the new builds are a reminder of the history of the site. Centuries ago, the Cascina Gatti neighbourhood used to be a farming village, little of which remains amidst the large residential blocks and commercial buildings in the area today. One exception used to be a large, derelict barn that stood on the building site and partly lives on in the six new homes. Not only is their length, height and width equivalent to that of the old barn but also the facade materials are partly the same: the gabions are filled with brick rubble from the agricultural building, as well as with former porphyry paving stones.
The protective stone cladding is only a few centimetres thick. Behind it, a layer of aluminium trapezoidal sheet metal serves to drain off the water from the roof and facades. This is then stored in an underground tank and reused to irrigate the grounds. A lot of detailing that is otherwise found on residential buildings, such as eaves, gutters and downpipes, was dispensable due to this method of construction. Chimneys are also missing in the houses as they are heated in a climatefriendly way by electrical heat pumps in combination with underfloor heating.


Client:
11. Alejandro Ramirez Ugarte, “Interview with Luis Barragan” (1962) in Enrique X de Anda Alanis, Luis Barragan: Classico del Silencio, Collección Somosur, Bogota, 1989, p. 242.
Immobiliare Bandello, Milan, IT Architects: Gino Guarnieri, Roberto Mascazzini, Milan, IT Location: Via Verona, 6, 20099 Sesto San Giovanni, IT
Resurrected-from-the-ruins


Resurrected-from-the-ruins

DAYLIGHT MATTER(S)

ISSUE 26


Daylight has great impact on our health and happiness. It enriches our everyday lives with sensual pleasure. In fact daylight matters to all of us. The current issue of Daylight/Architecture discusses the vital importance of natural light from a variety of viewpoints.

In his essay, Juhani Pallasmaa describes how daylight interacts with our senses, and how great architects have harnessed this interplay to create memorable spaces, where light almost becomes a material of its own. Read more(link til atiklen) The impact of daylight on our health and wellbeing is discussed by Deborah Burnett in her article. She gives an update on recent research, that has found more pathways through which light exposure influences our sleep/wake cycles, hormone production, performance and alertness levels. Peter Holzer argues in his article, that designers should take the long-term health effects of buildings into account. This would imply allowing much more daylight in buildings. Read more (link til artikel).

The magazine features four buildings as examples of the interplay of light, human health and wellbeing. Photographers Adam Mørk and Daniel Blaufuks seek to capture the magic that natural light gives to the building’s atmospheres and does to the bodies and minds of people living, working and learning in buildings.

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